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Canada Confederation Medal 1867


The medal is 3 inches (76 mm) in diameter and weighs nearly 8.5 ounces (262.5 grams), and was prepared by Joseph Shepherd Wyon.
The Obverse shows the bust of Queen Victoria facing the dexter with a scarf hanging at her neck from underneath the rear of the diadem, in ancient times, the fillet of silk, wool, or linen tied about the head of a king, queen, or priest as a distinguishing mark.
Later, it was a band of gold, which gave rise to the crown. In heraldry, the diadem is one of the arched bars that support the crown. .
The inscription is "VICTORIA D : G : BRITT : REG : F D :" and beneath the truncation is "J.S. Wyon, SC." The Reverse has the inscription "JUVENTAS ET PATRIUS VIGOR/CANADA INSTAURATA 1867" meaning 'Youth and patriotic strength/Canada inaugurated 1867.'
Shown is a seated female figure (Britannia) with helmet, shield showing the Union Badge, and trident. She is attended by a seated lion and is extending a scroll with the word 'CONFEDERATION' on it (representing the British North America Act, law passed by the British Parliament in 1867 that provided for the unification of the Canadian provinces into the dominion of Canada. Until 1982 the act also functioned as the constitution of Canada. ) to four female figures that are grouped at the right in front of her. Each represents a province and holds a symbolic device. Clockwise from the top are: Ontario (a sickle and sheaf for agriculture), Quebec (with a fleur-de-lys on her shoulder, holding a canoe paddle for commerce), Nova Scotia (a shovel, for mining), and New Brunswick (an axe, for the forest industry). Near the foot of the seated figure is 'J.S. and A.B. Wyon SC.' The edge is plain.
Please see photos for determining the medal's state of preservation, which in our opinion is overall EF.

Sold August 2011

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